Fennec Laws

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Exotic pet ownership laws vary widely from country to country and state to state. In the US, please check with your state wildlife division as well as your city and county before trying to purchase a fennec fox. Some states may require you to have a USDA license in order to own or breed fennecs. Laws change frequently and may not always be up-to-date on this page. Send us any info that you have about your local laws here, to help us keep this page updated.

Animal Exhibitors
Individuals and businesses who exhibit animals to the public for compensation are required to obtain a license from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS). In addition, some businesses, such as zoos, are required to be licensed regardless of whether or not they receive compensation. See more here and here.

United States | Canada | Europe | Australia

Alabama


Alaska


Arizona


Arkansas

Arkansas Game & Fish Commission 
www.agfc.com/ 
www.agfc.com/enforcement/Docum…
Arkansas Game and Fish Commission Code Book – Section 15.41 Native Wildlife Pets; Section 15.37 and 15.38 on Importation from another state 


California


Colorado


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida

http://myfwc.com/license/captive-wildlife/applications/
Fennecs are considered Class III Wildlife, and need a no-cost permit.


Georgia


Hawaii


Idaho


Illinois

Allowed with a yearly Fur-bearing Mammal Breeder Permit.  You have to purchase the fox from another licensed breeder and you must keep and maintain records of the purchase, sale, and propagation of your foxes.

Illinois Code here, and page here.


Indiana

Allowed with a permit.

http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/incode/14/22

http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/5454.htm


Iowa


Kansas


Kentucky


Louisiana


Maine


Maryland


Massachussets


Michigan

Permitted with a health certificate.

Animal Industry Act,  Michigan Legislation


Minnesota

All foxes are banned as pets.


Mississippi


Missouri

All foxes are banned as pets.


Montana

http://fwp.mt.gov/enforcement/laws/

Exotic foxes entering the state must have a health permit.


Nebraska


Nevada

Foxes are illegal to own in Nevada.


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New Mexico


New York

The Fennec Fox is listed as a companion animal.


North Carolina


North Dakota


Ohio


Oklahoma


Oregon


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


South Dakota


Tennessee

Under Type II of the TN Exotic Animal Laws, you may not legally own a native species. This would include Red Foxes and Grey Foxes. They are outright illegal to own. Arctic and Fennec foxes on the other hand are not native to Tennessee and therefore are legal to own without permit.


Texas

Foxes can only be owned with a fur-bearing animal permit or an educational display permit.

http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/business/permits/land/wildlife/educational/

http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/publications/pwdpubs/media/pwd_lf_w7000_0479_packet.pdf

 


Utah

http://le.utah.gov/UtahCode/chapter.jsp?code=23

R657-3-24. Classification and Specific Rules for Mammals.

(iii) Fennec, (Vulpes zerda) family Canidae is prohibited for collection, importation and possession;

R657-3-20. Collection, Importation or Possession for Scientific or Educational Use.

(1) A person may collect, import or possess live or dead animals or their parts for a scientific or educational use only as follows:

(a) Certificates of registration are not issued for collecting, importing or possessing live or dead animals classified as prohibited, except as provided in Subsection (b), or R657-3-36.

(b) The division may issue a certificate of registration to a university, college, governmental agency, bona fide nonprofit institution, or a person involved in wildlife research to collect, import or possess live or dead animals classified as prohibited if, in the opinion of the division, the scientific or educational use is beneficial to wildlife or significantly benefits the general public without material detriment to wildlife.

(2) A person shall obtain a certificate of registration before collecting, importing or possessing live or dead animals or their parts classified as controlled.


Vermont


Virginia


Washington

http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/default.aspx?Cite=16

No dangerous animal of any kind is allowed to be owned in Washington.


West Virginia


Wisconsin


Wyoming


Canada

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This info is taken from Living with Foxes. Please check all information for yourself before trying to purchase a fox.

MANITOBA

In order for a person to possess domestic foxes in Manitoba, they would require a permit. However a permit would not be issued to a person to possess wildlife in Manitoba to keep as a pet (the only possible way to own foxes is if you have a zoo, wildlife center (rehab) or a fur industry).

« With regards to Domestic Fennec Foxes, unfortunately these animals are not legal to own within the City of Winnipeg.  As per City of Winnipeg Exotic Animal By-law 3389/83, no person, firm or corporation shall keep or harbour “All members of order Carnivora excepting domestic dogs (Canis familiaris), domestic cats (Felis catus) and ferrets. » (Dogs, cats, ferrets, fish, some reptiles (snakes and lizards), some amphibians, some birds and some rodents are the only allowed animals).

http://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/statutes/ccsm/w130e.php

http://www.winnipeg.ca/cms/animal/faqs/exotic_faq.stm 

http://www.winnipeg.ca/CLKDMIS/DocExt/ViewDoc.asp?DocumentTypeId=1&DocId=480

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SASKATCHEWAN

All foxes are defined as wildlife whether it is native or exotic wildlife, it is still wildlife and there are legalities to owning one in captivity in Saskatchewan and a permit would be required to import and retain them in the province. The only permit issued by the Ministry of Environment that allows an individual to retain restricted wildlife in captivity is a Commercial Wildlife Permit for Zoo Purposes.

http://www.qp.gov.sk.ca/documents/English/Regulations/Regulations/W13-1R13.pdf

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NOVA SCOTIA

In Nova Scotia, all foxes and other canids (except the domestic dog) are considered ‘wildlife’ and are therefore not permitted to be kept in captivity without special permission. Canids (except for the domestic dog) are not allowed to being kept as personal pets. 

 http://www.gov.ns.ca/natr/wildlife/laws/pdf/App2.pdf

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ALBERTA

Depending on the municipality, you may or may not have to license your fennec fox.

Within the city of Edmonton, foxes (domesticated or otherwise) are not a licenseable animal and therefore not allowed under in the City of Edmonton as a pet.  

«Within the city of Brooks, there is no bylaw that controls the ownership and/or possession of wild animals or exotic pets such as foxes. 

 http://www.qp.alberta.ca/documents/Acts/W10.pdf

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BRITISH COLUMBIA

 Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) as well as other non-native species are members of the family Canidae and are therefore considered to be Controlled Alien Species and, as of April 1, 2010, a person in BC is required to hold a valid CAS permit in order to be in legal possession of it.

 http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/pasb/applications/docs/cas-personal-permit.pdf 

 http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/fw/wildlifeactreview/cas/pdf/common-all.pdf
 http://vancouverhumanesociety.bc.ca/downloads/VHS%20submission%20to%20review%20of%20BC%20Wildlife%20Act.pdf

http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/pasb/docs/wildlife_act/GeneralReg_Nov2005.pdf

 http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/fw/wildlifeactreview/cas/

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ONTARIO

In Brandon city, you are allowed any kind of fox as long as its domestic, and if you license it every year.

You may purchase and keep a non-native species of fox as a pet in Ontario. There is no provincial permit or license required for the keeping of non-native species as pets; however some municipalities prohibit ownership of foxes and other species as pets.

It is unlawful to keep the three species of fox native to Ontario as pets, as they are designated as specially protected wildlife under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997. This includes Arctic Fox (Alopex lagopus), Grey Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) and Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes). » 

http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/FW/2ColumnSubPage/STEL02_168424.html
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NEWFOUNDLAND

Fennec foxes are not permitted as pets.  This policy would be in line with the recommendations of the Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council of Canada, an organization which represents the pet industry in Canada.  The only canid allowed for possession in Newfoundland and Labrador is the dog.

 http://www.assembly.nl.ca/Legislation/sr/Regulations/rc961156.htm#SchedB_ 
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NEW BRUNSWICK

 It is not permitted to keep foxes or any canids, other than domestic dogs, as pets in New Brunswick. However, they make an exception for foxes presenting unusual colors that cannot be seen on wild specimens. (no wild foxes, no wolfdogs, no wolves, no coyotes, no coydogs, no jackals, etc…).

Foxes on Fox farms in New Brunswick are considered livestock, not pets, and fall under the jurisdiction of the Livestock Operations Act. 

You do not need a permit for the animal but, article 2c) of the municipal by-law respecting animal control (# 10R2011), says that all wild animals must be in a cage if it is in a public place, street or sidewalk. This means that you can own a fox but you must have it in a cage if you leave your premises. 

http://www.gnb.ca/0062/PDF-regs/92-74.pdf (Regulation 92-74 lists all species legal to be imported/kept as pets).
However, in Edmunston, you can have any type of fox, regardless of its species or color.

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PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND (PEI)

 http://www.gov.pe.ca/law/statutes/pdf/w-04_1.pdf (in Summerside, you can own any kind of fox, as long as you have the permit).

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NUNAVUT

 http://www.bcmanr.ca/files/Nunavut_Wildlife_Act.pdf

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NORTHWEST TERRITORIES (N.W.T)

Anyone wishing to import live wildlife into the NWT must first go through an application process and obtain a permit. The application requires submission of a health certificate from a licenced veterinarian indicating the animal is in good condition and free of diseases, parasites, etc. Once the application is received, it is evaluated and a determination is made by the Deputy Minister on whether or not to issue the permit.

 Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

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YUKON TERRITORIES (YUKON)

 http://www.gov.yk.ca/legislation/acts/wildlife.

134. Every owner of an exotic animal shall register their animal with the City by providing the following information for each exotic animal that is under their care :
(1) Name, street address, postal code and telephone number of the owner;
(2) Name and description of the exotic animal; and
(3) Such other information as may be required by the City (picture of animal, age, health certificate, etc…).
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QUÉBEC

 http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca/dynamicSearch/telecharge.php?type=3&file=/C_61_1/C61_1R5.HTM

English version  http://www.canlii.org/en/qc/laws/stat/rsq-c-c-61.1/latest/rsq-c-c-61.1.html 

Magog  : You need a permit issued by the Ministries of Wildlife & Environment, if some measures are respected.
(NOT all cities within Quebec accept foxes, but laws are slowly changing, and if many people unite, make petitions and talk to municipalities of those Quebec cities that prohibit foxes, they may allow them mostly because the province legalized them as pets, and many cities in Quebec accept those animals.


Europe

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No permit or any other document is needed to keep a fox as a domestic pet in most parts of Europe, because they are not listed on the DWAL list. There is no condition imposed by the government. You can move through Europe with your fox, and no license is needed to do so. Some countries even allow you to catch wild foxes and breed them/sell them as pets. 

Australia

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No foxes of any kind are permitted to be owned in Australia.

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